"Psalm 23," John August Swanson. Used by permission from the artist.
Image © by John August Swanson. Artwork held in the Luther Seminary Fine Arts Collection, St. Paul, Minn.
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Jesus the Passover Lamb
John 19:31-42 Commentary
by Lindsey Trozzo
Our four Gospels each offer a unique portrait of Jesus.
Perhaps their most stable agreement comes in the Passion Narrative. However, leave it to John to insist on being the black sheep, even in this. There are several unique aspects to John’s Passion Narrative, one of which frames the passage for today. In the first and final verses of this section, the narrator gives us a chronological detail: “it was the day of Preparation” (John 19:31; 42; see also 19:14).
On the day of Preparation (that is, Passover Eve or the Friday of Passover), the temple priests would begin slaughtering the paschal animals. The eating of the paschal meal (or Passover) would take place later that night. An apparent chronological discord exists with the Synoptic chronology, which reports that before Jesus’ arrest, he and his disciples shared the Passover meal. In John’s version, Jesus is led to the cross at the same time that the paschal lambs are taken to slaughter.1
Other symbolic details offer additional echoes of the Passover story from ...
| Bible Text
2019-20 Worship resources
The narrative lectionary is a four-year cycle of readings. Read more.
NL313: Jesus' Last Words & Jesus the Passover Lamb
March 30, 2018
Podcast on John 19:23-42, the Narrative Lectionary readings for Mar. 29 (Maundy Thursday) & Mar. 30 (Good Friday), 2018, featuring Profs. Rolf Jacobson, Craig Koester, and Karoline Lewis. Podcast recorded at Luther Seminary, Saint Paul, Minn.