Moses by John August Swanson. Image from Art in the Christian Tradition, a project of the Vanderbilt Divinity Library, Nashville, Tenn. Original source © 1983 by John August Swanson.
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God's Love Poured Out
Romans [3:28-30] 5:1-11 Commentary
by L. Ann Jervis
This passage begins with the strong words, “therefore, having been justified/made righteous” (the same Greek work is translated in English as either justified or made righteous).
In the original language, the beginning is even more dramatic since in Greek grammar the word ‘therefore’ cannot start a sentence: the first word is, then, “dikaiothente” (having been made righteous). It sounds like a great victorious shout -- ‘having been justified’. The grammar of “dikaiothentes” indicates that Paul is describing a state of being, the condition of his hearers’ lives. The word is an aorist participle in the passive voice: this is a state of affairs that has happened to the hearers.
Paul now goes on to describe the dynamic, challenging and productive life that those who are in the state of having been made righteous may live. It is very clear that Paul does not think that having been justified is the end of the story but the beginning. It is a beginning that offers entrance into a radically different way of living.
The apostle clarifies that the state of being made righteous is possible by means of faith. This is ...
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Summer 2020 Readings
2020-21 Readings (Year 3)
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NL Podcast 365: God's Love Poured Out
May 26, 2019
Podcast on Romans [3:28-30] 5:1-11, the Narrative Lectionary readings for May 26, 2019 (God's Love Poured Out) featuring Profs. Rolf Jacobson, Craig Koester, and Kathryn Schifferdecker. Recorded at Luther Seminary, Saint Paul, Minn., for Working Preacher.