"Psalm 23," John August Swanson. Used by permission from the artist.
Image © by John August Swanson. Artwork held in the Luther Seminary Fine Arts Collection, St. Paul, Minn.
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God's Name Is Revealed
Exodus 2:23-25; 3:1-15; 4:10-17 Commentary
by Terence E. Fretheim
The book of Exodus continues the story of Jacob/Israel in the land of Egypt and beyond.
Over an extensive period of time in Egypt, the people of Israel grow into a major community. But life does not go well for the Israelites over time and they are oppressed by the rulers of Egypt.
Exodus 2:23-25 summarizes their suffering situation and names their cries to God. God hears their cry, remembers the covenant/promise made with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and takes special notice of their suffering situation. To use the comparable language of Exodus 3:7, “I know their suffering”; that is, God so enters into their suffering situation that God takes that suffering into the divine self and bears it there.
God then directs the divine energies toward a resolution of this situation; Exodus 3:1-7:7 specifies the nature of that divine move in remarkable detail. Note that a “quick fix” does not seem to be available, even for God. Indeed, much of this section in Exodus is an ongoing dialogue between God and Moses with regard to the best way to address this suffering ...
| Bible Text
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2020-21 Readings (Year 3)
The narrative lectionary is a four-year cycle of readings. Read more.
NL284: God's Name Is Revealed
October 01, 2017
This is the podcast for Exodus 2:23-25; 3:1-15; 4:10-17, the Narrative Lectionary reading for Oct. 1, 2017, featuring Profs. Rolf Jacobson, Kathryn Schifferdecker, and Craig Koester. Podcast recorded at Luther Seminary, Saint Paul, Minn.